Correct? Upon visiting the colony in 1669 and 1701, Penn eventually agreed to allow their Charter of Privileges to be added to the constitution. The Middle colonies benefited from having a very diverse geography, which lent itself to more economic opportunity than the other colonies. Compare the culture of the Middle Colonies with that of other English colonies. Despite Quaker opposition to slavery, by 1730 colonists had brought about 4,000 slaves into Pennsylvania. … The Middle Colonies and New England were different in that New England was largely Puritan, and, save for Rhode Island (which practiced a form of … What was the land like in the New England colony during the 1600-1700? In New York's Hudson Valley, however, the Dutch patroons operated very large landed estates and rented land to tenant farmers. Their speech reflected this belief in that they addressed all others as equals, using “thee” and “thou” rather than terms like “your lordship” or “my lady” that were customary for privileged individuals of the hereditary elite. Delawareans would meet in New Castle and Pennsylvanians would gather in Philadelphia. In return for land, settlers paid annual fees known as quitrents. The 1776 population figure is a separate Census Bureau estimate. It also encouraged the rapid growth of Philadelphia into America’s most important city, and of the Pennsylvania Dutch Country hinterlands, where German religions and political refugees prospered on the fertile soil and spirit of cultural creativeness. The border between the two sections reached the Atlantic Ocean to the north of Atlantic City. The Lenape tribe fought for the next 19 years to have the treaty annulled but was forced into the Shamokin and Wyoming Valleys, which were already overcrowded with other displaced tribes. Rather, Fox and his followers stressed that everyone had an “inner light” inside him or her—a spark of divinity. Landholdings were generally farms of 40 to 160 acres (16–65 hectares), owned by the family that worked it. By 1780, about 17% of the population in New York were descendants of Dutch settlers; the rest were mostly English with a wide mixture of other Europeans and about 6% Africans. The Middle Colonies included New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania. The title of patroon was given to some of the Dutch colony’s invested members, who operated very large landed estates and rented land to tenant farmers. The Middle Colonies were the most ethnically diverse British colonies in North America, with settlers coming from all parts of Europe—many as indentured servants. The British captured New Amsterdam from the Dutch in 1664 and again in 1674, when they named it New York. Jack E. Maxfield, America: A.D. 1601 to 1700. Yesterday, Today & Tomorrow: History Matters! The documents used by the researchers include reports by Colonial officials to an administrative group in London called the Lords Commissioners of Trade and Plantations, censuses conducted in individual Colonies, militia records, tax liens and estimates by Colonial officials themselves. In New York ‘s Hudson Valley, the Dutch established a poltroon system which resembled a feudal aristocracy with vast land grants. The Delaware Colony later separated from Pennsylvania. Penn had a hard time governing Delaware because the economy and geology were largely the same as that of the Chesapeake, rather than that of his Pennsylvania territory. The Middle Colonies were more ethnically diverse than elsewhere in British North America and were somewhat more socially tolerant. Society in the middle colonies was far more varied, cosmopolitan and tolerant than in New England. In Pennsylvania, sawmills and gristmills were abundant, and the textile industry grew quickly. 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